5000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians
began to record their ideas, findings and events of their daily
lives in manuscript form, on PAPYRUS.
The most ancient writing material, the papyrus,
was manufactured using an aquatic plant long-cultivated in the
delta of the river Nile. This graceful plant, CYPERUS PAPYRUS
(family Ciperaceae) grows up to 15 feet high. Its green, triangular
stem bears long, sharp leaves, and radiating flower clusters,
10 to 20 inches long, which bloom at the tip.
The ancient Egyptians used the stem of the
papyrus plant for many purposes, such as making of cords, mats,
sails, cloth, and most of all the parchment-like paper, PAPYRUS.
This writing material was adopted by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
It was used for the making of books, in scroll or roll form, and
also for the legal documentation and correspondence.
The Roman writer, Pliny the Elder, left a
detailed account of the manufacture of papyrus. The outside, fibrous
layer of the stem is removed, leaving the inner portion, the white
pith, which is sliced longitudinally into strips. The strips are
placed side by side, in an alternating horizontal and vertical
pattern, on a flat stone, then soaked in water and pressed under
a heavy stone for 21 days. The juice of the plant acts as an adhesive
that bonds the strips together forming a sheet, which is finally
hammered, and dried in the sun.
PAPYROLOGY - is the science of reading, interpretation,
and care of the ancient documents written on papyrus. The oldest
papyri date from about 3,000 B.C. Some of the most important ancient
Egyptian Papyri discovered are: The Rhind (mathematical) papyrus,
the Edwin Smith (surgical) Papyrus, and the Turin papyrus. Numerous
literary compositions dating from the Hellenistic and Roman times,
written on papyrus, in Egyptian demotic script, Greek, or Latin
have been collected in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
They have become invaluable sources of information on the ancient
Mediterranean world, and an important aid to the study of ancient
religions, and classical literature. One of the most interesting
findings was a manuscript of The Constitution of Athens by Aristotle,
discovered by an American missionary in Egypt, in 1891. In the
late 1940s, new biblical manuscripts, on papyrus scrolls, were
discovered in the Dead Sea area, which became known as the Dead
Our Egyptian Art Collection
Our large line of museum quality hand painted art on genuine papyrus,
elegantly framed, comes in hundreds of designs, and each design
in a variety of colors and sizes. Each art piece is accompanied
by a certificate of authenticity, which guarantees that this papyrus
is made in Egypt, using real papyrus plants, ancient techniques,
and is hand painted in the purest tradition of pharaonic art by
Egyptian fine artists. The artists accurately reproduce art pieces
found in ancients temples, tombs, and pyramids. Each piece is
also accompanied by an educational card explaining its meaning
and the story of papyrus.
Here are a few examples of art pieces from several
categories, which we carry:
2. Traditional Scenes
(Arabic City Life)
4. Zodiac Signs
5. Coptic Christian